Non-lethal weapons compared to lethal weapons are less likely to kill a target or cause severe injury or damage. Non-lethal weapons are used for inflicting as little pain as possible to minimize casualties. Non-lethal weapons are used by the police to avoid the use of lethal force to disperse a conflict.
Guide to non-lethal weapons:
- Flash Bang Grenade
A flash bang grenade is also called stun grenade or thunder flashes. When unleashed, it emits a bright flash of light, enough to block your vision and it also delivers a loud bang at 182 decibels. It can cause burns and injuries, ear damage, and PTSD.
- Pepper Spray
Pepper spray is made from high concentrations of pepper which is sprayed from a pressurized aerosol can. It is very painful and leaves a burning sensation to the skin. The substance inside pepper spray is called capsaicin, which comes from cayenne pepper. It can cause eye irritation and pain, cough, and respiratory distress. Pepper spray can also work as a deterrent against violent dogs and bears.
- Bean Bag Rounds
These are bean bags filled with metal pellets that can be used with a shotgun. Each bean bag round usually has a #9 lead shot wrapped in a small fabric. It has an 82 ft range and can cause pain or break a rib if shot from a close proximity. These are usually used to deliver blows that are meant to incapacitate but should not penetrate the skin.
- Pepper Balls
Pepper balls are capsules that are filled with oleoresin capsicum (pepper spray). Also known as a pepper spray projectile, pepper bomb, or pepper spray pellet, they are a usually sized to fit inside a modified paintball gun. Depending on the manufacturer, the pepper balls can either release pepper spray in the form of a gas or liquid, but the most common form is powder. A pepper ball can mark suspects, disperse barricades, or break glass.
- Rubber Bullets
Rubber bullets are basically rubber on the outside, but metal on the inside. Other variations can switch out the material to include wax, plastic, wood, hard foam, or plastic, since rubber is known for its bouncing properties. They are not as lethal as actual metal bullets, but they are still dangerous since rubber bullets are known to cause permanent disabilities such as blindness, and in extreme cases, death. Bruising is common and it is possible for a rubber bullet to penetrate the skin.
A taser is meant to be a non-lethal weapon or gadget that is meant to temporarily incapacitate targets using electric shocks. Tasers are meant to have a limit to how strong of a shock it can give so that it only brings down an opponent but doesn’t kill them from electrocution. It causes pain and cardiac arrhythmia. In extreme cases, a taser can permanently render brain function immobile.
- Tear Gas
Tear gas is made with Chlorobenzylidene malononitrile. It is also known as mace. These are usually used to disperse riots by using riot guns. The chemicals in tear gas causes stimulates the nerves found in the lacrimal gland of the eye, which leads to it tearing up. Other symptoms or effects include difficulty in breathing and vomiting. When large crowds of people are involved in an escalating riot, tear gas is often thrown in the middle of the crowd to break it up.
- Keychain Knuckle Weapon
More commonly known as brass knuckles, these are meant for people who have at least basic skills in hand-to-hand combat. These weapons are loaded onto the fist and are made with carbon fiber, plastic, or metal. A knuckle weapon provides an extra pack to your punches and they are easy to carry and use if you know how to use it. When used right, these weapons can increase the likelihood of causing bone-related injuries such as a fracture without damaging the user’s own hands.
A baton can be used for self-defense. Also known as a nightstick or a truncheon, it is often cylindrical and is made with a variety of materials such as metal, rubber, wood, or plastic. When used to defend oneself, a baton is wielded as a way to block an attack, bludgeon, or jab.
Aside from its main use, flashlights can also be used as a weapon. It is great for self-defense and can be used like a baton. A flashlight is quite solid in form, and it can be used to inflict pain.
- Tactical Pen
These pens are used for self-defense, and they are pretty easy to carry. They can be well-hidden since some variations of the pen actually make them useable for writing with. Despite its size, this weapon can still become lethal. It just depends on how much force you are using and your skill in wielding it.
A kubotan is like a tactical pen, it is small and easy to carry and use. It is attached to a keychain and looks like a small mini-sized baton.
- Personal Safety Alarms
They can cause alarm and disorientation to your attacker. It is also used to sound an alert during an attack to signal help. These alarms can be triggered with the press of a button and are difficult to switch off to increase the likelihood of someone hearing it and coming to your aid.
- Hand & Feet
If well trained in the martial arts, we can use our hands and feet as non-lethal weapons. With proper form and by exerting enough force, you can really cause pain and injury to your opponent/attacker.
- Sticky Foam
Is made with very tacky material that is used to block, disarm or impair the attacker or individual. It is used with a propellant in its compressed form. Sticky foam can be release through a sticky foam gun or other sorts of equipment. Although the chemicals used in sticky foam are harmless, the solvents are harsh enough to cause skin irritation.